Digestive enzymes aid in the digestion of meals. Salivary glands and cells lining the stomach, pancreas, and small intestine produce (release) these substances.
This is accomplished by breaking down the huge, complicated molecules that make up proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids into smaller units. This makes it easier for the nutrients in these foods to be absorbed into the bloodstream and transported throughout the body.
What Are Enzymes?
Enzymes are proteins that aid in the speeding up of our bodies’ metabolism, or chemical processes. Some substances are built, while others are destroyed. Enzymes are found in all forms of life.
Enzymes are produced by our bodies in a natural way. Enzymes, on the other hand, can be found in food and manufactured goods.
What Do Enzymes Do?
Enzymes help digestion, which is one of their most significant functions. The act of converting food into energy is known as digestion. The saliva, pancreas, intestines, and stomach, for example, all contain enzymes. Fats, proteins, and carbs are all broken down by these enzymes. These nutrients are used by enzymes to help them grow and repair cells.
Enzymes are also beneficial in the following areas:
- Nerve function.
- Ridding our bodies of toxins.
What Are The Different Types Of Enzymes?
In the human body, there are tens of thousands of enzymes. Every enzyme has a single function. Sucrase, for example, is a sugar that the enzyme sucrase degrades. Lactase is a digestive enzyme that digests lactose, a sugar present in milk.
Digestive enzymes include the following:
- Carbohydrase is a digestive enzyme that converts carbs to sugars.
- Lipase is a digestive enzyme that converts lipids to fatty acids.
- Protein is broken down into amino acids by the enzyme protease.
To break down food, your pancreas produces pancreatic enzymes, which are natural fluids produced by the pancreas. The ducts in your pancreas transport these liquids. They exit through the duodenum, which is the top portion of your small intestine. Your pancreas produces roughly 8 ounces of enzyme-rich digestive juice every day. The many enzymes are listed below:
- Lipase: To break down fat in your meals, this enzyme collaborates with bile, which is produced by the liver. Your body will struggle to absorb fat and critical fat-soluble vitamins if you don’t have enough lipase (A, D, E, K). Diarrhea and greasy bowel motions are also symptoms of inadequate fat absorption.
- Protease: Proteins in your diet are broken down by this enzyme. It also protects you from bacteria and yeast that can reside in your intestines. Some people are allergic to proteins that have not been digested.
- Amylase: This enzyme aids in the conversion of carbohydrates into sugar, which your body may utilize as fuel. You may have diarrhea from undigested carbs if you don’t have enough amylase.
The Role Of Protease
The protease family has a broader range of functions than lipase and amylase, which break down lipids and carbohydrates, respectively. Yes, protease aids in the breakdown of protein in food into amino acids, which the body may then use for energy, but proteases are also involved in a variety of other important activities, including:
- Blood clotting
- Cell division
- Protein recyclability
- Immune support
Enzymes are directly responsible for initiating some of these activities, while others are sped up to the point where they have an impact. Getting more protease may also offer some health advantages, according to certain studies. The following are some of the more interesting discoveries.
Protease enzymes may aid persons with indigestion symptoms such as lack of appetite, bloating, and abdominal pain by assisting the digestive process.
Protease may have a role in muscle soreness, which athletes consider a vital component of their health regimen. A protease enzyme combination was found to minimize muscular sensitivity and soreness after an exercise in one research when compared to a placebo.
Swelling and pain feelings in post-dental surgery patients were decreased after ingesting the protease enzyme serrapeptase, according to one small research.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Do I Need To Take Enzyme Supplements?
People who don’t have any chronic illnesses may generally acquire all of the enzymes they need by eating a balanced diet. Your healthcare professional may, however, suggest enzyme supplements if you have specific health issues. Many people who have EPI, for example, might take a digestive enzyme before eating. This aids in the absorption of nutrients from the food they consume. Before using any form of enzyme supplement, see your healthcare physician.
Can Medications Affect Enzyme Levels?
The levels of enzymes are influenced by some drugs. Antibiotics, for example, can kill microorganisms that are required for certain enzymes to function well. Antibiotics may produce diarrhea as a result of this. They wipe out critical healthy bacteria that promote digestion while killing the ones that make you sick.
Statins (cholesterol-lowering drugs) can cause liver and muscle enzymes to increase. They might put your liver and muscles at danger.